Micronutrients are essential elements required by organisms in small quantities throughout life to orchestrate a range of physiological functions to maintain health. For example, they help to improve cell division and cell wall formation. Since plants are the primary origin of nutrients for humans and animals, some micronutrients may be in low levels and deficiencies can occur when dietary intake is insufficient, as occurs in malnutrition, implying the need for initiatives to deter inadequate micronutrient supply in plant foods.
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One of the most important micronutrients affecting membrane stability, Boron supports the structural and functional integrity of plant cell membranes.
Zinc is taken up by plants as the divalent Zn+2 cation. It was one of the first micronutrients recognized as essential for plants and the one most commonly limiting yields.
Iron is essential for crop growth and food production. Plants take up it as the ferrous cation. Iron is a component of many enzymes associated with energy transfer, nitrogen reduction and fixation, and lignin formation.
Copper activates enzymes and catalyzes reactions in several plant-growth processes. The presence of copper is closely linked to Vitamin A production, and it helps ensure successful protein synthesis.
Manganese functions primarily as part of enzyme systems in plants. It activates several important metabolic reactions and plays a direct role in photosynthesis.
Mix of Cobalt and Molybdenum Fertilizer is required by the legume root nodules by which legumes convert atmospheric nitrogen into a form that can be used by plants.